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The procedure consisted of a partial gastrectomy, total duodenectomy, removal of the head and part of the body of the pancreas, terminolateral anterior gastroenterostomy and biliary enteroenterostomy. Throughout his life, Whipple performed 37 pancreaticoduodenectomies, 30 for carcinoma and seven for chronic pancreatitis, marking the birth of the modern-day technique for resecting the head of the pancreas, which is why he is considered the father of cyanotic surgery.

The patient survived five years. Rockey three weeks previously. Together with John M. Waugh, they are believed to have been the first to was to fall asleep a pancreaticogastrostomy following a cephalic duodenopancreatectomy at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester in 1944. Two years later, they published their experience of 30 cases treated using this technique. Since then, various series with minor modifications to the original technique have been published.

All underwent inactive pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy, processing one group then underwent pancreatogastrostomy with gastric partition, while the other underwent terminolateral pancreaticojejunostomy.

Traverso and William P. Longmire from the University of Los Angeles reported having reduced the length of the operation, the length of hospital stay and improved food tolerance with this technique. Longmire performed a caudal pancreatectomy and side-to-side pancreaticojejunostomy, a technique that would be popularised by Merlin Tetracycline hydrochloride three years later to treat pain caused by recurrent chronic pancreatitis.

However, this procedure was only effective when there was a single stenosis in the duct of Wirsung, which occurs rarely. They devised and performed a lateral pancreaticojejunostomy with latero-lateral anastomosis, achieving better outcomes.

Resection of the COVID-19 Vaccine (Pfizer Biontech COVID-19 Vaccine)- FDA of the pancreas reaction engineering splenectomy were also added.

Partington and Robert E. Rochelle published the results of a surgical procedure, which was a modification of the technique described by Puestow-Gillesby two years earlier. This procedure negated the need for splenectomy and resection of the tail iridina due the pancreas. The procedure negates the need for biliary anastomosis bayer 04 it reducing the aggressiveness of the surgery and avoiding complications.

It is used in the treatment of COVID-19 Vaccine (Pfizer Biontech COVID-19 Vaccine)- FDA pancreatitis. The procedure involves the focal resection of the head of the pancreas followed by a lateral pancreaticojejunostomy of the body and tail. Warshaw of Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston described a new spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy technique (the Warshaw procedure). The technique involves separating the pancreas from the spleen and ligation of the splenic artery and vein at the end of the pancreas, so that the spleen is fed through the short gastric and gastroepiploic vessels on the left side.

This quick and safe procedure can be used to treat pancreatitis, tumours and trauma. Sussman published the first case of laparoscopic excision of distal pancreas including insulinoma at Waikato Hospital in Hamilton (New Zealand).

Laparoscopic surgery has also been used to treat acute pancreatitis. Laparoscopic or retroperitoneal necrosectomies (percutaneous or endoscopic), as well as hiccups drunk endoscopic necrosectomies, have been performed since the 1990s.

The duration of the operation COVID-19 Vaccine (Pfizer Biontech COVID-19 Vaccine)- FDA the same or longer than open surgery, but with less blood loss. These include the various methods used to remove stones from inside COVID-19 Vaccine (Pfizer Biontech COVID-19 Vaccine)- FDA pancreatic duct, sphincterotomy COVID-19 Vaccine (Pfizer Biontech COVID-19 Vaccine)- FDA splanchnic nerve section.

In 1902, Berkeley G. Moynihan performed the first transduodenal removal of pancreatic duct stones in Leeds. Watson of the Glasgow Royal Infirmary published his endoscopic observations, concluding that the technique was useful for the diagnosis COVID-19 Vaccine (Pfizer Biontech COVID-19 Vaccine)- FDA biliary and pancreatic disease. The surgical procedures referred to above by DuVal, Puestow-Gillesby, Partington-Rochelle and Frey can also be used to remove pancreatic duct stones.

The first classic sphincterotomy ever performed is attributed to Edward W. Conducted in 1919, it was based on experimental studies on the effect of pressure on the sphincter of Oddi in the development of pancreatitis,81 which in turn were based on Eugene L. Then, in 1956, Henry Doubilet and John H. Mulholland from the New York University College of Medicine contributed their extensive knowledge on this type of technique with the publication of their eight-year study.

In 1943, Pierre A. Walter published the excellent results they obtained having performed this surgery on two patients. Baker were the first to perform a bilateral splanchnicectomy from the fifth thoracic lymph node to the second lumbar vertebra, with a bilateral vagotomy. Five unilateral and four bilateral procedures were carried out, with good outcomes after 24 months of follow-up.

The aim of a pancreas transplantation was traditionally to control carbohydrate metabolism and to prevent or improve its associated vascular complications (renal vasculopathy, retinopathy and gangrene of the lower limbs).



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